My theory of political authority breaks down essentially this way:
1. There are only two possible sources of political legitimacy: the Mandate of Heaven or the Will of Man, divine right Monarchy or Democracy.
2. There are therefore only two kinds of authority: the King exists as an icon of divine lordship, while the Dictator embodies the people's interests.
3. Corresponding to these alternate authorities, government exists either to administer divine justice on earth or to actualize human freedom.
4. Corresponding to these alternate purposes are two kinds of social order: sacral or secular society.
5. Within the sacral society there will always be factions that either 1) attempt to maintain the king's subservience to divine law (Traditionalists), or, 2) attempt to free the king from his obligation to divine law (Autocrats), or, 3) attempt to free the people from their obligation to the king in the name of divine law (Radicals).
6. Within the secular society there will always be factions that either 1) push toward the maximum amount of freedom possible (Progressivism), or, 2) pull back toward control for fear of moral or political anarchy (Conservativism). It should be noted that both progresives and conservatives are radicals in the sense of point 5 above.
7. Within secular societies, progressives will always determine the social problematic, while conservatives will always be the reactionary faction. Moral and political anarchy are inevitable in this system, and greater and greater control will be necessary to maintain order. Totalitarianism is the natural offspring of democratic practice.
8. Therefore, there appears to be a difference in tendency between Monarchy and Democracy. Monarchy can retain a principled stable position between autocracy and radicalism, while Democracy must always move toward totalitarianism in the name of freedom. In the end, the Dictator becomes absolutely free while the people become absolutely enslaved.
In a fallen world, Monarchy may not be able to guarantee a traditional stability, but Democracy guarantees anarchy and the totalitarianism it engenders.